medical condition

Hydronephrosis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: SAJJAD HUSSAIN/AFP/Getty Images) Hydronephrosis in dogs happens when one or both kidneys are swollen due to a buildup of urine, which happens when fluid can’t properly drain from the kidney to the bladder for release. This can occur due to a variety of reasons, including kidney obstruction, kidney stones, tumors, disease, or injury. …

Endocarditis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Media for Medical/UIG via Getty Images) Endocarditis in dogs is an infection or inflammation of the lining of the inner surface of the heart, known as the endothelium. Sometimes this condition is referred to as endocardiosis. Usually it’s the result of a bacterial infection, although fungal infections may also cause the infection in dogs. Endocarditis …

Excess Protein In Dogs’ Urine: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Excess protein in dogs’ urine can either be an abnormality that’s easily remedied by dietary changes, or it can be a condition called proteinuria, which is a sign of diseases or medical conditions that can be quite serious. Sometimes dogs who suffer from proteinuria show no symptoms, which is why the …

Hematochezia (Red Blood In Feces) In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Hematochezia in dogs is the medical term for the appearance of bright, red blood in stools. Usually this happens when there’s bleeding in a dog’s lower digestive system, including the colon or rectum. Melena, which refers to the appearance of black, tarry feces, is a different condition where dogs pass old …

Diabetes Insipidus And Diabetes Mellitus In Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are two different types of diabetes in dogs, and both can be serious if left untreated. Diabetes insipidus is also known as “water diabetes” and is the more rare form. It affects water metabolism and prevents the body from conserving water, which causes increased urination and …

Pulmonary Edema (Fluid In Lungs) In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Tim Graham/Getty Images) Pulmonary edema in dogs is a buildup of fluid in the lungs that can cause difficulty breathing and poor oxygen circulation throughout the body. It can be cardiogenic, meaning it results from heart failure, or non-cardiogenic, meaning it’s due to conditions outside of the heart. Both forms result in similar …

What Is MRSA Infection In Dogs? Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) MRSA is a so-called “superbug” that’s resistant to many forms of antibiotics and can be fatal for infected dogs. The acronym MRSA stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Aureus, and unlike normal staph infections that are fairly harmless to dogs and easily treated, MRSA is deadly and requires expensive antibiotics and aggressive treatment. The earlier …

Atopic Dermatitis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Atopic dermatitis in dogs is an inflammatory condition where a dog’s skin shows symptoms of an allergic reaction after the dog ingests or inhales a substance they’re sensitive to. It’s sometimes called “atopy.” Allergens can be almost any substance, but some common ones are pollen, dander, plants, or insects. Symptoms of …

Hypokalemia In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Hypokalemia in dogs happens when levels of potassium in the blood are lower than usual. Potassium is important to cells in the body and the electrical signals that pass through those cells. Electrical charges run through the heart, as well as nerves and muscles throughout the body. Low levels of potassium …

Serotonin Syndrome In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

(Picture Credit: Getty Images) Serotonin syndrome in dogs is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by an increase of serotonin in the body from exposure to antidepressant medication. Serotonin is an important neurotransmitter in a dog’s brain that regulates heart and lung function, behavior, awareness of pain, appetite, body temperature, and movement. When used appropriately, antidepressants elevate …